Celiac Disease is an autoimmune problem developed from the intolerance of gluten. It can lead to severe damage in the small intestine. Furthermore, this autoimmune situation may occur genetically to people of all age. Researches show that this disease usually affects 1 in 100 people worldwide. However, diet and treatment can absolutely cure or manage this autoimmune difficulty.
How Is It Developed?
Grains like wheat, barley, rye and some cereals are the main sources of gluten, a protein group. Other common food products such as wheat, semolina, soups, sauces, meatballs, etc also contain gluten. Furthermore, you may find this protein group in some medicines as well. When people with such intolerance eat gluten-rich food products, the villi in the small intestine becomes damaged. Villi are small fingerlike projections that help in nutrients absorption. As a result, the nutrients are not properly absorbed into the body and celiac disease develops.
What Are Some Common Symptoms Of Celiac Disease?
The symptoms of this autoimmune disease vary from people to people. Some persons may have breathing trouble with watery eyes when they eat wheat. This suggests that they are allergic to it. Likewise, some common symptoms of celiac disease are :
A gluten-free diet can control and even cure this problem, and put a stop to your worries. Anyhow, a visit to a doctor is mandatory if such symptoms occur repeatedly.
How To Diagnose?
The diagnosis process also varies depending upon the doctor’s preferences. Usually, a doctor first asks about the signs and symptoms and then recommends some tests. To identify this disease, a blood screening for antibodies is a must. These tests check the antibodies in the blood against certain enzymes. Furthermore, another process is intestinal biopsy or endoscopy. This helps the doctors to diagnose the samples of the intestinal lining. He will also obtain a high accuracy with these multiple samples.
Diet Plan For Lifetime
When the diagnosis is celiac disease, it is crucial to follow a strict gluten-free diet for life. It is difficult for us to know which food has hidden gluten. Therefore, a nutritionist can make a gluten-free diet chart that includes proper nutrition. With a healthy diet, the intestine damages will heal gradually and the problems will disappear. Moreover, doctors recommend to completely avoid gluten. Otherwise, it can relapse the problems.
Medication And Treatment
Except for avoiding gluten, there are very few treatment options available. In fact, scientists are constantly doing researches to discover proper medicines or vaccinations for this disease. If an individual doesn’t strictly follow the diet plan, it may get worse. Furthermore, complications like hair loss, osteoporosis and anemia may occur. Apart from such problems, intestine lymphoma and adenocarcinoma of certain organs are also the worst cases that may be the cause of celiac disease.
Celiac Disease In Children
Growth problems are very common in children with celiac disease. Switching to a gluten-free diet recovers the delay and improves growth. In addition, intestine problems and other symptoms also heal very quickly on a gluten-free diet. Though celiac disease can be cured very quickly in children, it may relapse if they have gluten in the future. To sum up, following a gluten-free diet for life is the best way to treat this disease.